Proportion of a CITY CAR – ideas on automotive design

The aim of this tutorial is to provide you an concept of the best way to greatest begin a brand new undertaking on the earth of automotive design. Each newbies, college students and even professionals really feel the identical difficulties whendrawing a automobile kind that they’ve by no means drawn earlier than.

The aim of this tutorial is to provide you an concept of the best way to greatest begin a brand new undertaking on the earth of automotive design. Novices, college students, and even professionals alike expertise the identical difficulties when drawing a automobile kind that they’ve by no means drawn earlier than. 

Earlier than beginning a undertaking, it is rather useful to know the essential proportions and hardpoints of the article. Familiarize your self with the package deal and proportions first.

This instance ought to encourage you to investigate the essential proportions of various car varieties.


All the time concentrate on the aspect view first. The aspect view accommodates all the mandatory info it’s worthwhile to draw a automobile. After internalizing the essential proportions, it is going to be simpler so that you can get outcomes because the fundamental structure is appropriate. 

For the aim of this tutorial, let’s assume it’s worthwhile to design a metropolis automobile. Within the first image under, you see the identical automobile however with totally different proportions. Their overhang, wheel dimension, and cabin-to-body ratios are totally different.

The automobile will be constructed or designed like these. Nonetheless, between the 2 designs, the higher one is extra convincing. That is primarily as a result of cabin-to-body ratio. To keep away from the error made within the second design and stop different errors, take an in depth take a look at the proportions.

First, attempt to discover out the size and peak of the automobile. To search out the proper wheelbase, it helps to take one wheel as a base unit. Now you’ll be able to guess what number of wheels match between the entrance and rear axle.

Additionally, you’ll be able to see that the overhang of the entrance and rear is about half a wheel. The rear is a bit shorter. The peak is barely a couple of wheel.

Within the subsequent step, attempt to get a way of the cabin-to-body ratio. This information is extraordinarily essential as most vehicles are roughly made out of two containers, that are the cabin and physique. You must know in what ratio the higher field (cabin) is ready on the decrease field (physique). You’ll by no means go flawed assuming a 1/3 to 2/3 ratio. Whether or not you’re drawing a aspect view or a perspective view, you must take note of it.

The roofline of a automobile is normally not straight however follows a dynamic curve. The pinnacle of the occupants normally determines the height of the curve. To search out the placement of the roofline, it helps to attract a straight line down and see in what quantity the road intersects the bottom line.

Subsequent, take a look at the shoulder. You’ll discover that just about each car has a sure angle. This provides the entire automobile a ahead movement and makes it look dynamic even when it isn’t transferring. You’ll be able to emphasize this angle generally extra and generally much less. 

Now, you can too verify the place the entrance mild and the rear mild are positioned. If you happen to draw a vertical line from the start of the sunshine downwards, you’ll see that it overlaps the entrance and rear wheel.

One other essential level is the place of the A-pillar. It provides you details about the angle of the windshield. If you happen to lengthen the A-pillar, you see that it’s tangent to the entrance wheel. The door joint is normally positioned the place the A-pillar begins. On this case, barely offset behind the entrance wheel.

After finishing the steps above, you’ll have an approximate skeleton of the automobile. When drawing your design on this skeleton, you’ll all the time hit the best proportions. 

Now, you may have all the knowledge wanted to start out drawing your individual automobile. If you happen to comply with this tutorial, you’ll be able to remember to meet the essential package deal and technical necessities of designing a car with the best proportions. This can make your sketch look convincing and life like.